Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are Central Asian “Leaders” in Global Corruption
Business and Economics, Central Asia and Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Politics and Society, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan3 Comments
Corruption in Post-Soviet Central Asia is something very familiar to people living in the region. Without bribing, one is destined to see their case be delayed for a long time, very often beyond time limits defined by laws.
Be it application for a new passport, or registration at a new place of living, or even finding a day care for your kid — bribing is the easiest way to get it all done faster and without a hassle.
Transparency International (TI) has released its annual Corruption Perceptions Index 2011 (CPI) that ranks countries/territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be. According to TI, it is a composite index, a combination of polls, drawing on corruption-related data collected by a variety of reputable institutions. The CPI reflects the views of observers from around the world, including experts living and working in the countries/territories evaluated.
This year Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have proved that they can also have stablility in something — if not positive and progressive, then at least something not really desirable by leaders of developed countries. That something is the abuse of public power.
These two countries are the ousiders of the index, sharing almost the same position with Iraq, Sudan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, North Korea and Somalia. Basically, President Karimov and President Bardimuhammedov totally failed to show progress in their declarative measures to fight corruption in their countries. Being in the same group of countries, or even worse than some of them, is the best indicator of how promises of a happy life and sustainable development by those two dictators are nothing more than just a lie.
It should be mentioned that both Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan are getting worse year after year:
The best position out of all five Central Asian republics belongs to Kazakhstan, which is closer to the highest point (on a scale of 0-10), and somewhere inbetween of Iran and Mongolia. Tajikistan is ranked the 152th; Kyrgyzstan is between Guinea and Yemen (164th).
Leaders of the index are New Zealand, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and
Singapore with 9.5, 9.4, 9.4, 9.3 and 9.2 respectively.
By the way, CPI is also used by travellers to help them make a right choice. Thus, republics’ efforts to increase the number of tourists are in serious jeopardy.
Read impressions of travellers by TravelPod:
For ricka‘s story on her voyage from Turkmenbashi, Turkmenistan to Baku, Azerbaijan’s capital.
A country/territory’s score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption there on a scale of 0 – 10, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 10 means that a country is perceived as very clean.
The data sources used to compile the index include questions relating to the abuse of public power and focus on: bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds, and on questions that probe the strength and effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts in the public sector. As such, it covers both the administrative and political aspects of corruption. In producing the index, the scores of countries/territories for the specific corruption-related questions in the data sources are combined to calculate a single score for each country.