20 years of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic
This year Kyrgyzstan celebrates the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution from May 5, 1993. In 2010, however, it has been cardinally re-released, but today I just want to write about the history of the creation and adoption of the first Constitution of the independent Kyrgyz Republic.
On May 5, 1993 at the XII session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, the new Constitution was adopted. Since then, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan became known as the Kyrgyz Republic, and the Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR, adopted in 1978, has lost its power. It is an important date for all the Kyrgyz people because the adoption of a new constitution meant one of the most important stages in the state history – the independence of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The most important key points in the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic of 1993 are the principles of independence, freedom of speech and power of the people. The Constitution has 9 chapters and 114 articles. Each of them carries unique and significant promise to the Kyrgyz nation.
The Constitution of 1993 was revised four times in 1994, 1996, 1998 and 2003 during the regimen of the first President Askar Akayev in favor of strengthening powers of the President. And on October 21, 2007, by the Decree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, was held a referendum which adopted the new Constitution proposed by the President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. And it was signed on October 23, 2007.
Further in connection with the change of government in 2010 there was a referendum on a new Constitution in 2010. An important point in the new constitution can be considered the strengthening of the role of parliament in the government. However, despite the numerous changes in the most important “document” of the country, the main laws and regulations of the Kyrgyz Republic have the common ground – the very first edition of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic dated May 5, 1993, which celebrates this year its 20th anniversary. And it is a really significant event for the whole nation.